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動詞不定式_.doc 8頁

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7.1 不定式作賓語1) 動詞+ 不定式afford aim  appear  agree arrange  ask   be   decide bother  care  choose  come   dare  demand desire  determine    expect   elect  endeavor     hope       fail happen help  hesitate learn long   mean  manage offer oug ht  plan  prepare pretend  promise refuse seem  tend  wait   wish    undertake 舉例:  The driver failed to see the other car in time.   司機沒能及時看見另一輛車。 I happen to know the answer to your question.   我碰巧知道你那道問題的答案。2)動詞+不定式; 動詞+賓語+不定式ask, beg, c hoose, expect , hate, help intend like, love, need prefer, prepare, promise, want, wish… I like to keep everything tidy. 我喜歡每件東西都保持整潔。 I like you to keep everything tidy. 我喜歡你年使每件東西都保持整潔。I want to speak to Tom. 我想和湯姆談話。I want you to speak to Tom. 我想讓你和湯姆談話。3)動詞+疑問詞+ to decide, know, consider forget, learn, remember, show, understand, see, wonder, hear, find out, explain, tell   Please show us how to do that. 請演示給我們如何去做。  There are so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can't make up my mi nd which to buy.有這么多的錄音機,我都拿不定主意買哪一種。注意:疑問詞帶不定式在句中作成分時,謂語動詞用單數。  The question is how to put it into practice.   問題是怎樣把它付諸實施。7.2 不定式作補語1) 動詞+賓語+不定式(to do) advise  allow  appoint  believe  cause  challenge command compel   consider declare  drive   enable  encourage find   forbid  force   guess  hire    imagine  impel   induce  inform  instruct  invite  judge   know   like   order   permit  persuade remind  report  request  require  select send   state  suppose  tell   think train   trust  understand urge   warn 例句: a. Father will not allow us to play on the street.         父親不讓我們在街上玩耍。 b. W e believe him to be guilty.   我們相信他是有罪的。Find 的特殊用法:  Find 后可用分詞做賓補,或先加形式賓語,再加形容詞,最后加帶to 的動詞不定式。find后也可帶一個從句。此類動詞還有get,have。   I found him lying on the ground.    I found it important to learn.    I found that to learn English is important. 典型例題:   The next morning she found the man ___ in bed,dead.  A. lying B. lie C. lay D. laying  答案:A.find的賓語后面,用分詞或分詞短語,起賓語補足語作用。現在分詞表達主動,也表達正在進行,過去分詞表達被動。2) to + be 的不定式結構,作補語的

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